Leather tanning is the process of converting cleaned, perishable raw hides or skins into leather to preserve their natural beauty and inherent characteristics. The most common methods of tanning are Chromium and Vegetable Tanning. Chro­mium-Tanning is the most prevalent form of tanning.

Chrome-tanned leather is tanned using chromium salts. It is softer and more supple than vegetable-tanned leather and does not discolor or lose shape as drastically in water as vegetable-tanned leather. Chromium-tanned hides are also more receptive to color.

Traditional trimming of the hides in the early 1900′s

Vegetable-tanned leather is tanned using tannin and other natural ingredients found in trees and plants. The result is leather that has greater body and firmness than chromium-tanned leather. The majority of Moore & Giles leathers are chrome-tanned.

Hides are often treated several times during the tanning process with agents that will enhance the leather’s physical strength and ensure various characteristics desired in the end result. This is known as Retanning. Many of our leathers undergo a retanning process using chrome tanning agents or a combination of both chrome and vegetable tanning agents prior to being dyed and finished.